During the Weimar Republic (1919-1933), the Chancellor was chosen by the Reichspräsident and stood under his authority. This continued (formally) during the first two years of the Nazi regime until the death of President Paul von Hindenburg in 1934. How to use chancellor in a sentence. Until about the 13th century, few people besides priests, clerks, and monks were literate, and the chancellor was thus an ecclesiastic. chancellor (plural chancellors) 1. A chancellor is a college official whose role varies from institution to institution. Several posts carry the title of Chancellor in the United Kingdom: In the United States, the only "chancellor" established by the federal government is the Chancellor of the Smithsonian Institution, a largely ceremonial office held by the Chief Justice of the United States. It is often used as a synonym to the full titles of the ministers of foreign affairs. Chancellor definition, the chief minister of state in certain parliamentary governments, as in Germany; prime minister; premier. Any of various officials of high rank, especially: a. Sebastian Kurz is the incumbent Bundeskanzler of Austria. The original chancellors were the cancellarii of Roman courts of justice—ushers, who sat at the cancelli or lattice work screens of a basilica or law court, which separated the judge and counsel from the audience. No contest. In this special function the chancellor also sits in the Finnish Cabinet, the Finnish Council of State. The Chancellor of Germany or Bundeskanzler (official German title which means "Federal Chancellor") is the title for the head of government in Germany. As keeper of the great seal used to authenticate royal documents, the chancellor became, in most medieval kingdoms, the most powerful official. The Chancellor participates in the meetings of the seven Federal Councilors with a consultative vote and prepares the reports on policy and activities of the council to parliament (assembly). The Chancellor also determines … For that reason, some observers refer to the German political system as a "chancellor democracy." In most countries of Latin America, the equivalents to "chancellor" (Canciller in Spanish and Chanceler in Portuguese) are commonly used to refer to the post of foreign minister. Bismarck. The Chancellor of the Exchequer, often abbreviated to the Chancellor, is a high ranking Minister of the Crown within the Government of the United Kingdom, and head of Her Majesty's Treasury.As one of the four Great Offices of State, the chancellor is a senior member of the British Cabinet. In Germany many heads of university administration carry the title Kanzler (Chancellor) while the academical heads carry the title Rektor (Rector). In Sweden the Chancellor of Justice or Justitiekanslern acts as the Solicitor General for the Swedish Government. * Brandt. As to the German foreign service, the term Kanzler (chancellor) refers to the administrative head of a diplomatic mission. The Chancellor does not take part in running the university Nowadays the term is most often used to describe: The Chancellor of Austria, denominated Bundeskanzler for males and Bundeskanzlerin for females ("Federal Chancellor"), is the title of the head of the Government of Austria. 1533 September 6, Stephen Vaughan, “CCCLXXVI. The Federal Chancellor is accountable to the Bundestag as regards government action. Omissions? His office is within the "chancery". Web site of the Berne Chancellery (French version) www.rr.be.ch/rr/fr/index/der_regierungsrat/der_regierungsrat/staatsschreiber.html. For other uses, see, Grundgesetz der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. The title chancellor is also the name in many countries of the heads of small archive offices, of the heads of universities, and of some orders of chivalry. After the fall of the empire, the succeeding barbarian rulers copied Roman administrative practice; thus it came about that the writing offices of medieval territorial rulers, both secular and ecclesiastical, were presided over by a chancellor (sometimes an archchancellor, or a vice-chancellor). A chancellor is the leader (either ceremonial or executive) of many public and private universities and related institutions. This article is about the governmental official title. The federal government consists of the chancellor and his or her cabinet ministers. If this candidate gets a majority of the entire membership of the Bundestag, he or she will be sworn in immediately as new Federal Chancellor.[1]. But what more do we know about him? Between 1871 and 1918, the Chancellor was appointed by the German Emperor. In Germany from 1871 and in Austria from 1918, the title Kanzler (“chancellor”) has been held by the prime minister. Chancellor definition is - the secretary of a nobleman, prince, or king. [8] The Chancellor of Justice (Õiguskantsler, currently Ülle Madise) supervises the legality of actions taken by the government and monitors the implementation of basic civil liberties.[9]. In Finland the Chancellor of Justice (Oikeuskansleri, Justitiekanslern) supervises the legality of actions taken by the government and monitors the implementation of basic civil liberties. However, the president cannot dismiss either the federal chancellor or the Bundestag (Federal Diet), the lower chamber of the federal parliament. ... (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) the head of the government in several European countries. A chancellor's office is called a chancellery or chancery. A "State Chancellor" (German: Staatskanzler) was head of government in, and their national/public/official authorities, heads of currently or formerly sovereign royal families, This page was last edited on 21 January 2021, at 15:06. The Chancellor of Austria, denominated Bundeskanzler for males and Bundeskanzlerin for females ("Federal Chancellor"), is the title of the head of the Government of Austria. [7][better source needed], In Estonia, a Chancellor (Kantsler) directs the work of a ministry and coordinates institutions subject to the ministry. ...as the Chancellor arrived. Parliament) and has the task of supporting the Grand Council and the Executive Council in carrying out their tasks. The chancellor drafted the king’s decrees and privileges with increasing care and regularity. From 1660 until 1848, the title continued as "Grand Chancellor" or "President of the Danish Chancellery", and was replaced in 1730 by the title "Minister of Domestic Affairs". www.ge.ch/chancellerie/services-cha.asp retrieved March 2018. In order to avoid any misunderstanding, the head of the German Federal Government is therefore usually called by the official title Bundeskanzler (Federal Chancellor). Etymology: chaunceler, from chancelier, … For 2019, annual revenues were $5.4 billion, and sponsored research topped $1.35 billion in funding. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. the Chancellor of the Exchequer (= the person in the UK government in charge of tax and government spending): The Chancellor will deliver his budget later today. The chancellor must also manage a campus that is an economic and innovation engine, injecting $16.5 billion into the state economy each year. I have recently reached my first anniversary as Vice-Chancellor of the University of Nottingham. The heads of the New York City Department of Education and the District of Columbia Public Schools, who run the municipally-operated public schools in those jurisdictions, carry the title of Chancellor. Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster Lord Chancellor 1.1. He or she must get voted in by the majority. Normally, the chancellor is a priest or deacon, although in some circumstances a layperson may be appointed to the post. However, it had the authority to call an Extraordinary Session of the Senate, could invoke "Chancellor's prerogative" in circumventing minor aspects of the Senate's parliamentary procedure and held absolute control of the Right of … There are two ancient Egyptian titles sometimes translated as chancellor. Head of a chancery. The federal chancellor heads the Federal Chancellery, which plans and coordinates government business. Between general elections, the Federal Chancellor (together with the whole cabinet) can only be removed from office by a konstruktives Misstrauensvotum ("constructive motion of no confidence"), which consists in the candidacy of an opposition candidate for the office of Chancellor in the Bundestag. 2. countable noun. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/chancellor. Governments are often formed of coalitions of two or more parties so that they can attain a majority in the Bundestag. The chancellor is elected by the Bundestag (lower house of the Federal Parliament) … The Chancellor directs the staff of the Executive Council, supports the President of the Government and the Executive Council in the performance of their duties, and usually participates as an advisor to the President of the Grand Council in Grand Council sessions.[4]. Vice-chancellors may be appointed to assist the chancellor in busy chanceries. ‘The chancellor has said repeatedly that her government will be judged by its efforts to tackle Germany's 11% jobless rate.’ ‘It's since been pointed out that the last Soviet tanks left Austria two years before Arnie was born, and all the chancellors who governed in …

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