The Castle hight of Indolence, And its false Luxury; Where for a little Time, alas! Industry triumphs over idleness in an innovative turn on the house poem genre. Oliver Elton: "Some verses of the Castle of Indolence might go into the Faerie Queene, and would hardly be known for changelings. But what most shew'd the Vanity of Life, Was to behold the Nations all on Fire, In cruel Broils engag'd, and deadly Strife; Most Christian Kings, inflam'd by black Desire, With Honourable Ruffians in their Hire, Cause War to rage, and Blood around to pour: Of this sad Work when Each begins to tire, They sit them down just where they were before, Till for new Scenes of Woe Peace shall their Force restore. Dyce (1835; 1866) lxi. It is pronounced exactly like an s, and should be read as such. Edmund Gosse: "In May 1748 was printed the most exquisite of Thomson's productions, the famous poem in Spenserian stanza entitled The Castle of Indolence. What youthful Bride can equal her Array? The book begins on the wedding-day of his sickly son Conrad and princess Isabella. James Montgomery: "The quaint yet sweet, the homely yet venerable style in which [the Faerie Queene] is composed has become well known; less, indeed, from the original than from the numerous imitations of it, especially Thomson's Castle of Indolence, a structure of genuine talent, certainly not piled when that 'bard, more fat than bard beseems,' was, where he delighted to he, on the spot itself, though so witchingly framed for voluptuous ease, that the reader is ready to lie down under its influence, — not, however, to sleep" Lectures on General Literature, Poetry, &c. (1833; 1836) 132. No sooner Lucifer recalls Affairs, Than forth they various rush in mighty Fret; When, lo! 1802: Rev. But chief, a while o lend us from the Tomb Those long-lost Friends for whom in Love we smart, And fill with pious Awe and joy-mixt Woe the Heart. Buy The Castle of Indolence: An Allegorical Poem. Not Titian's Pencil e'er could so array, So fleece with Clouds the pure Etherial Space; Ne could it e'er such melting Forms display, As loose on flowery Beds all languishingly lay. THE CASTLE OF INDOLENCE: AN ALLEGORICAL POEM. William Lyon Phelps: "In 1748 appeared by far the best poem of the whole Spenserian school, The Castle of Indolence, by James Thomson. 1758: Anonymous, [Additional Stanza for the Castle of Indolence]. Not stronger were of old the Giant-Crew, Who sought to pull high Jove from regal State; Though feeble Wretch he seem'd, of sallow Hue: Certes, who bides his Grasp, will that Encounter rue. My Muse will not attempt your Fairy-Land: She has no Colours that like you can glow; To catch your vivid Scenes too gross her Hand. Of nothing took they Heed, But with wild Beasts the silvan War to wage, And o'er vast Plains their Herds and Flocks to feed: Blest Sons of Nature they! Of Limbs enormous, but withal unsound, Soft-swoln and pale. He ceas'd. with Belly monstrous round, For ever fed with watery Supply; For still he drank, and yet he still was dry. Here lurk'd a Wretch, who had not crept abroad For forty Years, ne Face of Mortal seen; In Chamber brooding like a loathly Toad, And sure his Linen was not very clean; Through secret Loop-hole, that had practis'd been Near to his Bed, his Dinner vile he took; Unkempt, and rough, of squalid Face and Mien, Our Castle's Shame! Other articles where The Castle of Indolence is discussed: English literature: Thomson, Prior, and Gay: In The Castle of Indolence (1748) Thomson’s model is Spenserian, and its wryly developed allegory lauds the virtues of industriousness and mercantile achievement. William Shenstone to Lady Luxborough: "I receiv'd yesterday the Castle of Indolence. 1824: Chandos Leigh, The Queen of Golconda's Fete. They were in Sooth a most enchanting Train, Even feigning Virtue; skilful to unite With Evil Good, and strew with Pleasure Pain. The Castle of Indolence: An Allegorical Poem, https://en.wikisource.org/w/index.php?title=The_Castle_of_Indolence&oldid=5576296, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 1801: Leigh Hunt, The Palace of Pleasure; an Allegorical Poem. A. Millar, 1748 - 81 pages. Liberty, The Castle of Indolence, and Other Poems by James Thomson, 9780198127598, available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide. Angels of Fancy and of Love, be near, And o'er the Blank of Sleep diffuse a Bloom! A Poetical Essay. A poem in Spenserian stanzas by J. Thomson (1700–48), published 1748. The Castle of Indolence is a poem written by James Thomson, a Scottish poet of the 18th century, in 1748.. Another Guest there was, of Sense refin'd, Who felt each Worth, for every Worth he had; Serene yet warm, humane yet firm his Mind, As little touch'd as any Man's with Bad: Him through their inmost Walks the Muses lad, To him the sacred Love of Nature lent, And sometimes would he make our Valley glad; Whenas we found he would not here be pent, To him the better Sort this friendly Message sent. "Behold the merry Minstrels of the Morn, The swarming Songsters of the careless Grove, Ten thousand Throats! We haven't found any reviews in the usual places. Written in IMITATION of SPENSER. 1825: Thomas Pringle, The Valley of Human Life. 1824: Rev. Was Nought around but Images of Rest: Sleep-soothing Groves, and quiet Lawns between; And flowery Beds that slumbrous Influence kest, From Poppies breath'd; and Beds of pleasant Green, Where never yet was creeping Creature seen. Thrice happy he! 1767: William Julius Mickle, The Concubine: a Poem. how they thundering call. 1751: Anonymous, Industry and Genius: or, the Origin of Birmingham. Here you a Muckworm of the Town might see, At his dull Desk, amid his Legers stall'd, Eat up with carking Care and Penurie; Most like to Carcase parch'd on Gallow-Tree. how they dash along from Wall to Wall; At every Door, hark! Castle of Indolence. Aereal Music in the warbling Wind, At Distance rising oft, by small Degrees, Nearer and nearer came, till o'er the Trees It hung, and breath'd such Soul-dissolving Airs, As did, alas! Canto II. 1786: Anonymous, The House of Care. Corporate Author: Eighteenth Century Collections Online : Format: Online Book: Language: English: Published: London : printed for A. Millar, 1748. The Castle of Otranto tells the story of Manfred, lord of the castle, and his family. As when in Prime of June a burnish'd Fly, Sprung from the Meads, o'er which he sweeps along, Chear'd by the breathing Bloom and vital Sky, Tunes up amid these airy Halls his Song, Soothing at first the gay reposing Throng: And oft he sips their Bowl; or nearly drown'd, He, thence recovering, drives their Beds among, And scares their tender Sleep, with Trump profound; Then out again he flies, to wing his mazy Round. A Penny saved is a Penny got: Firm to this scoundrel Maxim keepeth he, Ne of its Rigour will he bate a jot, Till it has quench'd his Fire, and banished his Pot. Hill (1905) 3:293-94. Soft Quilts on Quilts, on Carpets Carpets spread, And Couches stretch around in seemly Band; And endless Pillows rise to prop the Head; So that each spacious Room was one full-swelling Bed. A pure ethereal Calm! ye Pilgrims of this Earth, behold! 1791: Anonymous, War, an Imitation of Spencer. Harko Gerrit De Maar: "The archaisms of The Castle of Indolence served as a model for Byron's Spenserian diction, since most of Byron's obsolete words are derived from Thomson rather than from Spenser" History of Modern English Romanticism (1924) 54. See her bright Robes the Butterfly unfold, Broke from her wintry Tomb in Prime of May. Wak'd by the Croud, slow from his Bench arose A comely full-spred Porter, swoln with Sleep: His calm, broad, thoughtless Aspect breath'd Repose; And in sweet Torpor he was plunged deep, Ne could himself from ceaseless Yawning keep; While o'er his Eyes the drowsy Liquor ran, Through which his half-wak'd Soul would faintly peep. to heap up Estate, Losing the Days you see beneath the Sun; When, sudden, comes blind unrelenting Fate, And gives th' untasted Portion you have won, With ruthless Toil, and many a Wretch undone, To Those who mock you gone to Pluto's Reign, There with sad Ghosts to pine, and Shadows dun: But sure it is of Vanities most vain, To toil for what you here untoiling may obtain." "Come, ye, who still the cumbrous Load of Life Push hard up Hill; but as the farthest Steep You trust to gain, and put an End to Strife, Down thunders back the Stone with mighty Sweep, And hurls your Labours to the Valley deep, For-ever vain: come, and, withouten Fee, I in Oblivion will your Sorrows steep, Your Cares, your Toils, will steep you in a Sea Of full Delight: O come, ye weary Wights, to me! By James Thomson. Now must I mark the Villainy we found, But ah! 1819: John Keats, [Stanzas to Charles Armitage Brown.]. The castle of indolence -- The sound of the Raine, prophetic word [Kathleen Raine] -- Delectable always, and fresh and true [Kenneth Koch] -- Death and the poet [Peter Whigham] -- Fearing, and falling out of love -- Music that can deepest reach [Emerson, et al.] The opening stanzas are more like the work of Keats than any other verse which the eighteenth century has given us, and in their music there is less of the dull undertone of the conventional manner of the age than anywhere else, except in the finest lines of Gray and Collins. I think it has the advantage of the Minstrel of Beattie, by being of more general application and utility" The Port Folio 4 (15 September 1804) 289. Even Those whom Fame has lent her fairest Ray, The most renown'd of worthy Wights of Yore, From a base World at last have stolen away: So SCIPIO, to the soft Cumaean Shore Retiring, tasted joy he never knew before. "The Best of Men have ever lov'd Repose: They hate to mingle in the filthy Fray; Where the Soul sowrs, and gradual Rancour grows, Imbitter'd more from peevish Day to Day. Retrouvez The Castle of Indolence: An Allegorical Poem. the Change! O fair Undress, best Dress! Full in the Passage of the Vale, above, A sable, silent, solemn Forest stood; Where nought but shadowy Forms were seen to move, As Idless fancy'd in her dreaming Mood. Written in Imitation of Spenser. The Ovidian "House of Sleep" sequence of poems is one source for Thomson's Indolence. But for those Fiends, whom Blood and Broils delight; Who hurl the Wretch, as if to Hell outright, Down down black Gulphs, where sullen Waters sleep, Or hold him clambering all the fearful Night On beetling Cliffs, or pent in Ruins deep: They, till due Time should serve, were bid far hence to keep. Of all the gentle Tenants of the Place, There was a Man of special grave Remark: A certain tender Gloom o'erspred his Face, Pensive not sad, in Thought involv'd not dark, As soot this Man could sing as Morning-Lark, And teach the noblest Morals of the Heart: But These his Talents were ybury'd stark; Of the fine Stores he Nothing would impart, Which or boon Nature gave, or Nature-painting Art. LONDON: Printed for A. MILLAR, over against Catherine-street, in the Strand. 1788: Gavin Turnbull, The Bard, a Poem; in the Manner of Spencer. Amid the Groves you may indulge the Muse, Or tend the Blooms, and deck the vernal Year; Or softly stealing, with your watry Gear, Along the Brooks, the crimson-spotted Fry You may delude: The whilst, amus'd, you hear Now the hoarse Stream, and now the Zephyr's Sigh, Attuned to the Birds, and woodland Melody. 1789: Anonymous, The Temple of Pleasure. We do not hear much about the significance of Thomson's part in setting forth anew the 'sweet-slipping movement' and charm of the Spenserian manner as a model for the poets of the nineteenth century literary renaissance; but there can be no doubt about the validity of his right in this matter. W. Davenport Adams: "The poet, it may be added, was probably indebted not only to Tasso, but to Alexander Barclay's Castle of Labour, and to a poem by [Joseph] Mitchell on Indolence" Dictionary of English Literature (1878) 120. But the most significant area of comparison is between the texts’ confessional allegorical elements. A scanned copy of the original may be read here. "No Cocks, with me, to rustic Labour call, From Village on to Village sounding clear; To tardy Swain no shrill-voic'd Matrons squall; No Dogs, no Babes, no Wives, to stun your Ear; No Hammers thump; no horrid Blacksmith sear, Ne noisy Tradesman your sweet Slumbers start, With Sounds that are a Misery to hear: But all is calm, as would delight the Heart Of Sybarite of old, all Nature, and all Art. 1804: Alexander Wilson, The Solitary Tutor. The poem is written in stanzas of nine lines apiece, with an ab/ab/bc/bc/c rhyming scheme (Spenserian stanza) and with five accented syllables per line (iambic pentameter), except every ninth line, which receives six (Alexandrine hexameter). Leon realizes that he … And all this is good poetry. It should not be confused with f. The World by them is parcel'd out in Shares, When in the Hall of Smoak they Congress hold, And the sage Berry sun-burnt Mocha bears Has clear'd their inward Eye: then, smoak-enroll'd, Their Oracles break forth mysterious as of old. Yet through the Gate they cast a wishful Eye: Not to move on, perdie, is all they can; For do their very Best they cannot fly, But often each Way look, and often sorely sigh. Its satire and its moral allegory is the very essence of Augustinism. By the smooth Demon so it order'd was, And here his baneful Bounty first began: Though some there were who would not further pass, And his alluring Baits suspected han. Sign up for free; Log in; The seasons; with The castle of indolence Item Preview remove-circle Share or Embed This Item. This companion volume to James Thomson's The Seasons completes the Oxford English Texts edition of his works and provides for the first time a critical text of all the poems with commentary. the wretched Thrall Of bitter-dropping Sweat, of sweltry Pain, Of Cares that eat away thy Heart with Gall, And of the Vices, an inhuman Train, That all proceed from savage Thirst of Gain: For when hard-hearted Interest first began To poison Earth, Astraea left the Plain; Guile, Violence, and Murder seiz'd on Man; And, for soft milky Streams, with Blood and Rivers ran. Samuel Johnson: "The last piece that he lived to publish was The Castle of Indolence, which was many years under his hand, but was at last finished with great accuracy. 1824: Rev. the Day is done." A Lady proud she was, of ancient Blood, Yet oft her Fear her Pride made crouchen low: She felt, or fancy'd in her fluttering Mood, All the Diseases which the Spittles know, And sought all Physic which the Shops bestow. The Castle of Indolence has been thought his best poem, because the style was imitated from that of Spenser. Ye Gods of Quiet, and of Sleep profound! As when a Shepherd of the Hebrid-Isles, Plac'd far amid the melancholy Main, (Whether it be lone Fancy him beguiles; Or that aerial Beings sometimes deign To stand, embodied, to our Senses plain) Sees on the naked Hill, or Valley low, The whilst in Ocean Phoebus dips his Wain, A vast Assembly moving to and fro: Then all at once in Air dissolves the wondrous Show. Who up the lofty Diapasan roll Such sweet, such sad, such solemn Airs divine, Then let them down again into the Soul? "With me, you need not rise at early Dawn, To pass the joyless Day in various Stounds: Or, louting low, on upstart Fortune fawn, And sell fair Honour for some paltry Pounds; Or through the City take your dirty Rounds, To cheat, and dun, and lye, and Visit pay, Now flattering base, now giving secret Wounds; Or proul in Courts of Law for human Prey, In venal Senate thieve, or rob on broad High-way. John Moultrie, The Witch of the North. Those pleas'd the most, where, by a cunning Hand, Depeinted was the Patriarchal Age; What Time Dan Abraham left the Chaldee Land, And pastur'd on from verdant Stage to Stage, Where Fields and Fountains fresh could best engage. According to the Nuttall Encyclopedia, the Castle of Indolence is "a place in which the dwellers live amid luxurious delights, to the enervation of soul and body." The Castle of Indolence is a collection of prolific cross-genre writer Thomas M. Disch's reviews and musings on poetry and the business of poetry, which is today mainly operated by academia (or as I like to call it, Creative Writing, Inc.) Few Americans today care much about contemporary poetry, and Disch puts the blame squarely on the university network and its policies of schmooze and positive, senseless … what can it be? Come on, my Muse, nor stoop to low Despair, Thou Imp of Jove, touch'd by celestial Fire! Edited with notes by … To knot, to twist, to range the vernal Bloom; But far is cast the Distaff, Spinning-Wheel, and Loom. Bibliographic Details; Main Author: Thomson, James, 1700-1748. THE CASTLE OF INDOLENCE. The Doors, that knew no shrill alarming Bell, Ne cursed Knocker ply'd by Villain's Hand, Self-open'd into Halls, where, who can tell What Elegance and Grandeur wide expand The Pride of Turkey and of Persia Land? 1805: Mary Tighe, Psyche; or, the Legend of Love. Contents. By James Thomson by Thomson, James (ISBN: 9781379837008) from Amazon's Book Store. Then would a splendid City rise to View, With Carts, and Cars, and Coaches roaring all: Wide-pour'd abroad behold the prowling Crew; See!

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